Cat Poop 101: What Every Cat Owner Should Know

Cat Care, Cats

Last Updated - December 12, 2023

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Cat owners, have you ever considered if your feline friend's bathroom habits are normal? Perhaps you've pondered the color, consistency, or frequency of your cat's poop. While most cats are known for their independence and self-sufficiency, their bathroom behavior can be quite enigmatic. What constitutes normal when it comes to cat poop? What would cat poop look like if there are potential health concerns? And how can you ensure your cat's litter box experience is as stress-free as possible for both of you?

Well, you're not alone! Understanding what's normal and what's not when it comes to your cat's waste is crucial for the early detection of potential health issues. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore all the essential information concerning cat poop. We'll explore everything from the various types and colors of cat feces to the importance of monitoring your cat's litter box habits.

How Frequently Should Healthy Cats Poop?

The frequency of a cat's bowel movements may fluctuate based on various factors such as age, diet, and overall health. Typically, a healthy cat will exhibit one or two daily bowel movements. However, this is highly individual. Some healthy cats may go more frequently, up to a few times a day. Others may poop every day. Frequency is a good indicator of digestive health but should not be taken as the only sign.

Young kittens often experience more frequent bowel movements, occasionally several times daily. This heightened frequency can be attributed to their ongoing digestive system development and their tendency to consume food more regularly, resulting in increased elimination.

As cats age, there is a possibility that their metabolism may slow down, leading to a reduction in the frequency of their bowel movements. Some senior cats may go every other day or even less often. If you notice any sudden or significant changes in your cat's litter box habits, such as diarrhea, constipation, straining, blood in the stool, or a complete lack of bowel movements, it's crucial to consult your veterinarian.

What Does Normal Cat Poop Look Like?

Normal cat poop can vary in appearance somewhat, but generally, it should exhibit certain characteristics that indicate your cat's digestive system is functioning properly. Here's what you should expect from normal cat poop:

  • Brown Color: Most healthy cats will deposit a stool that is usually brown or dark brown in color. The shade of brown may vary from light to deep brown, but it should generally fall within this spectrum.

  • Firm Texture: A normal cat stool should have a formed and firm texture similar to Play-Doh's. A cat's feces should maintain its form when handled but should not be overly firm or dry. Unhealthy cat poop may have a runny or dry consistency.

  • Moisture Content: While it should be firm, healthy poop should not be too dry or too wet. A little moisture in the cat's stool is normal and helps with the passage of waste through the digestive tract.

  • Well-Defined Shape: Healthy cat poop typically has a well-defined shape, often cylindrical or slightly curved. It should not be overly loose or watery.

  • Minimal Odor: While a cat's poop isn't entirely odorless, it should not have an extremely foul or overwhelming odor. A moderate odor is normal, but exceptionally strong or offensive smells may indicate a problem.

Types Of Cat Poops: A Cat Stool Guide

Armed with the knowledge of what healthy cat poop looks like, pet parents can then refer to this cat stool chart to determine the cause of irregular stool.


As mentioned above, normal cat poop is typically brown or dark brown, well-formed, and doesn't have an overly strong odor. Consistency in your cat's stool indicates that its digestive system is operating effectively. To maintain this healthy state, ensure your cat has a balanced diet, stays hydrated, and receives regular veterinary check-ups.

Hard, Dry Stool

Hard, dry stools in a cat's poop often indicate constipation. This condition may arise due to dehydration, insufficient fiber intake, or underlying medical issues. These issues may include intestinal obstructions, megacolon, or neurological problems. If your cats' poop is consistently hard and dry, it can lead to abdominal pain - and potentially more severe complications. It's essential to consult a veterinarian. They can identify the underlying cause through physical examination, imaging, or blood tests and recommend treatment options. Treatment may include dietary changes by adding more fiber to your cat's food, increased hydration, laxatives, or medications to alleviate constipation and promote regular bowel movements for your feline friend.

Soft, Loose Stool

Soft, loose stools in cat poop can signify digestive upset or dietary issues. It often indicates a mild to moderate disruption in the cat's gastrointestinal system. Possible causes for this include dietary changes, food allergies, stress, or minor infections. Runny poop may often resolve independently within a day or two. 

Nevertheless, if soft, loose stools persist for more than a few days or are accompanied by other worrisome symptoms such as vomiting or lethargy, seeking advice from a veterinarian is recommended. They can assess the cat's overall health, perform diagnostic tests if needed, and provide guidance on treatment or dietary adjustments. Your choice of cat food may need to be altered to rule out food allergies.


Cat diarrhea is a prevalent digestive problem characterized by loose or watery stools. Passing watery stool can result from various factors, including dietary changes, a food allergy, infections, intestinal parasites, stress, or underlying health conditions like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Liquid stool lasting a day or two can often be due to dietary indiscretion and may resolve on its own. 

However, persistent or recurrent diarrhea, especially if accompanied by blood, mucus, lethargy, or dehydration, requires immediate attention from a veterinarian. A vet will assess the cat, conduct diagnostic tests, and recommend treatment, which may involve medication, dietary adjustments, or addressing an underlying health issue to restore normal bowel function.

Bloody Stool

The appearance of blood in a cat's feces, called hematochezia, is a worrisome indication. Because blood darkens as it oxidizes, the blood may result in black cat poop. A cat pooping bloody stool may result from various issues. These include gastrointestinal bleeding, colitis, bacterial infection, anal gland problems, or underlying diseases like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or cancer. 

If you observe blood in your cat's stool when emptying litter boxes, it's crucial to consult a veterinarian promptly. The veterinarian will conduct a comprehensive examination and might suggest diagnostic tests like bloodwork, fecal exams, and imaging to identify the cause. Treatment will be contingent on the underlying issue, potentially involving medication, dietary adjustments, or surgery. Timely detection and intervention are crucial for preserving your cat's health.

Mucus In Stool

The presence of mucus in a cat's poop can indicate various gastrointestinal health problems. The intestines produce mucus as a protective barrier, and this is perfectly normal. Increased mucus production, however, may signal irritation, inflammation, or infection of the intestinal wall. Potential causes include dietary intolerances, infections, parasites, or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). 

If you consistently notice mucus in your cat's stool when scooping the litter tray - especially when accompanied by diarrhea, blood, or changes in appetite or behavior - then it's essential to call your vet. Diagnostic tests such as fecal exams, bloodwork, and imaging may be needed to identify the underlying cause. Possible treatment options encompass medication, modifications to the diet, or addressing an underlying condition.

Green Stool

Green cat poop can be a result of various factors, primarily related to diet and digestion. It's often linked to consuming large amounts of grass or other green vegetation. In such cases, it's usually harmless and should be resolved independently. 

However, if you are consistently finding green stool in the cat litter box, this can indicate underlying issues. Some of these issues are food intolerances and bacterial infections. If your cat's poop is persistently green, and your cat is showing other concerning symptoms like diarrhea or vomiting, consult a veterinarian for a proper evaluation. The veterinarian will identify the root cause and suggest suitable treatment or necessary dietary adjustments based on the diagnosis.

White or Pale Stool

White or pale cat poop in the cat litter boxes can signify problems with the liver, gallbladder, or bile ducts. It indicates a reduced or blocked bile flow, resulting in insufficient bile pigment in the stool. Conditions such as liver disease, gallstones, or bile duct obstruction can be responsible for this phenomenon. 

Additionally, pale stools may indicate a lack of absorption of nutrients, often linked to digestive disorders. When a white or pale color is observed in your pet's stool, consult a veterinarian promptly. Diagnostic tests, including blood work and imaging, are typically necessary to identify the underlying issue. The course of treatment will be contingent upon the diagnosis and may encompass medications, dietary modifications, or surgical intervention.

Yellow Stool

A cat passing stool of a yellow color can signal underlying health concerns. While occasional changes in stool color can be benign, persistent yellow stool may indicate issues like liver or gallbladder problems, bacterial infections, food intolerances, or pancreatitis. 

Seeking the advice of a veterinarian is crucial if you observe yellow feces in your cat, particularly when accompanied by additional symptoms such as vomiting or lethargy. A vet can diagnose the underlying cause through exams and tests and recommend appropriate treatment, which may involve dietary adjustments, medication, or addressing an underlying condition. Early intervention ensures your cat's health and prevents potential complications.

Factors That Can Affect A Cat's Litter Box Habits

Dietary Factors

A cat's diet plays a significant role in its bathroom habits. Diets of low quality or with inadequate balance can contribute to problems such as diarrhea or constipation. Abrupt changes in diet can also cause an upset stomach, leading to many types of digestive disturbances. Cats can have food sensitivities, just like people do! A change from dry food to wet food, for example, may cause your cat to pass stool that is looser than normal.

Water Intake

Cats should always have access to clean, fresh water. Insufficient water intake can result in concentrated urine and potential urinary tract issues. Conversely, excessive water consumption can be a sign of certain medical conditions like diabetes or kidney disease.

Stress and Anxiety

As creatures of habit, cats can be sensitive to alterations in their environment or routine. Stressors like moving to a new home, introducing a new pet, or changing household dynamics can lead to changes in litter box behavior, including pooping outside the litter box.

Litter Box Quality

The litter box's cleanliness, size, type of litter used, and location all matter to a cat. Cats may avoid a dirty litter box or dislike a particular type of litter. Privacy preferences vary among cats, with some favoring litter box furnitures and others opting for more open spaces.

Medical Conditions

Various health conditions can influence a cat's bathroom habits. These include urinary tract infections, diabetes, gastrointestinal disorders like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), or arthritis, which may affect their ability to access or use the litter box comfortably.


Senior cats may experience changes in bathroom habits due to age-related issues. Arthritis can make it painful to climb into a high-sided litter box, for example, while reduced muscle tone may affect their ability to control bowel movements.


Certain medications can induce alterations in bowel movements or urinary habits. It is crucial to closely observe your cat's behavior if they take prescription drugs.


Intestinal parasites, such as worms, can cause diarrhea or other gastrointestinal problems, leading to changes in poop appearance and litter box use.


Infections in the urinary or digestive tract can lead to alterations in urination or defecation patterns. These infections can be painful and may lead the cat to avoid using the litter box.


Overweight cats may have difficulty accessing or using the litter box comfortably. Obesity can contribute to a range of health issues, including diabetes and joint problems.

Behavioral Issues

Behavioral problems like territorial marking or inappropriate elimination can affect litter box use. These issues often require behavior modification techniques to address.

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About the Author

Doctor of veterinary medicine with extensive experience in animal welfare with a strong interest in feline medicine and plans to pursue ABVP-Feline specialty board certification. A key member of many local veterinary associations and avid reader of animal related science journals and studies.